A stock index or stock market index is a method of measuring the value of a section of the stock market. It is computed from the prices of selected stocks (typically a weighted average).
It is a tool used by investors and financial managers to describe the market, and to compare the return on specific investments.
An equity investment generally refers to the buying and holding of shares of stock on a stock market by individuals and firms in anticipation of Income from dividends and capital gains, as the value of the stock rises.
In financial accounting, owner's equity consists of the net assets of an entity. Net assets is the difference between the total assets of the entity and all its liabilities.
Unfortunately risk is not understood by many investors. In short run, risk is in volatility of price of underlying asset i.e., how much it can rise and fall given a period of time. But in long run risk is not volatility but the risk is to maintain the purchasing power of your money.
Stock valuations, which are often much higher, are based on other considerations related to the business' operating cash flow, profits and future prospects; some factors are derived from the accounting statements..
Financial centers around the world function as anchors of trading between a wide range of different types of buyers and sellers around the clock, with the exception of weekends. As a forex trader you can choose a currency pair that you expect to change in value and place a trade accordingly.